Country of Origin: Italy, Switzerland
Height: Male: 70–90 cm, Female: 65–80 cm
Weight: 64 – 120 kg
Color: Reddish-brown Brindle, Reddish-brown Splash, Reddish-brown Mantle, Red & White, Brownish-yellow
Life Expectancy: 8 – 10 years
Temperament: Lively, Gentle, Friendly, Watchful, Calm
Litter Size: 7 - 10 puppies
Health Problems: The very fast growth rate and the weight of a St. Bernard can lead to very serious deterioration of the bones if the dog does not get proper food and exercise.
Brief info: The Saint Bernard is a very large, strong, muscular dog, with a powerful head. As long as the weight stays in proportion with the height, the taller the dog the more prized.
There are two types of coat: rough, and smooth, but both are very dense and come in white with markings in tan, red, mahogany, brindle, and black - in various combinations.
The face and ears are usually shaded with black and the expression is intelligent and gentle. In the rough-coated dogs, the hair is slightly longer and there is feathering on the thighs and legs. The feet are large with strong well-arched toes, making the Saint Bernard's sure-footed in the snow and ice.
They have a highly developed sense of smell and also seem to have a sixth sense about impending danger from storms and avalanches.